Element Information
First Name: Arsenic
Last Name: Pnictogen
Address: Period 4, Group 15
Date of Birth: First isolated 721-815
Favorite Color: dark bluish-gray
Gender: Metalloid
Family Name: Pnictogen or Nitrogen family.
Famiy Background: There are two nonmetals, two metalloids, and one metal in the pnictogen family. All are solid at room temperature except for Nitrogen, which is a gas at room temperature.
Number of Protons:33
Number of Electrons:33
Number of Neutrons: 42
Number of Valance Electrons: 5

Covalent Bonding

  • Covalent bonds are formed when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons between non-metals.
  • Electrons are not sent from one atom to another, they are shared by both atoms.
  • Nonpolar covalent bonds occur when electrons are equally attracted to the positive nucleus of each atom. They also occur when you bond two of the same atom together. I can form this bond with myself.
  • Example of Nonpolar covalent bond:

  • Polar covalent bonds occur when the shared electrons are attracted to the nucleus of one atom more than the other. They occur when two different atoms share electrons.

  • Examples of Polar covlent bonds:


  • Examples of group covalent bonds:



Ionic Bonding
An ion is an atom that has lost or gained electrons to get a full outer energy level and then become negative of positively charged.
When an atom does not have a full outer energy shell, this is when the atom gains or loses those electrons. If the element has one, two, or three valence electrons, then it will lose those to become a positive ion called a cation. These are usually metal types of elements. Elements with five, six, or seven valence electrons will gain the amount of electrons needed to fill their outer energy level. They become negatively charged ions called anions and are nonmetal types of elements. Elements with four valence electrons do not form ions because they cannot make up their mind as to if they are going to gain or lose their electrons. Elements with eight valence electrons also do not form ionic bonds because their outer energy level is already full.

Ions that have lost their electrons become a cation, which are positively charged.

Ions that have gained electrons become an anion, which are negatively charged.
Ionic bonds are formed between metals and nonmetals, and I am a nonmetal so I can form this bond.
I can also form an ionic bond because I have five valence electrons so I want to gain three more. This will make me an anion.


Metallic Bonding
A metallic bond is a bond formed by the attraction between positively charged metal ions and the electrons around the.
The electrons in this kind of bond move freely between metal ions.
This explains why metals conduct electricity, conduct heat, and are flexible.
Metallic bonding only occurs between metals. Because of this, I cannot form at metallic bond.

Friends, Please Join Me!
I want to have a nonpolar covalent bond with myself only. The elements I can have a polar covalent bond with are Boron, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Antimony, and Bismuth.
I can ionic bond with Aluminum, Galluim, Indium, and Thallium.

I Want to Join
On another element's page (created by another student), click edit the page and type in this section only. Add a blank line under this area and explain in a sentence or two who you are (element and class period - hydrogen3), what type of bond you would form with the element on this page, and why you would form a bond with this element. After you have typed your sentence, highlight your element name (hydrogen3) and click the "Insert Link" button from the toolbar (Globe with a chain at the bottom). Make sure that the link text and the page name are your element name and period number. Do not change them or put a space in between them. Click "OK" and now "Save" the page. Click on your element name to link back to your element's page. If your page does not appear, ask for assistance and go back and redo the link on this section.